Survivors of interpersonal or domestic violence who experience physical or mental health disabilities as a consequence face particular challenges in areas of social participation, such as education, employment, leisure activities. Moreover, the complexities associated with the consequences of disabling injuries, post-traumatic stress, and lack of social support are not sufficiently understood. This poses particular challenges for health care services, and family members. If the complex interplay of physical, emotional and social challenges is not addressed in a timely, comprehensive and appropriate manner,
Public health frameworks such as Dahlgren and Whitehead (1992) and the WHO International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (WHO ICF) can be used to organise the levels and domains. Methodologically, this area of research can be approached quantitatively as well as qualitatively in order to explore the determinants of participation and health outcomes.