Projects would involve critical evaluation of the literature and systematic review to determine the effectiveness of the selected interventions and to examine the context, timing and populations in which they have already been examined.
Nursing & Midwifery
Supervisor: Dr Elaine Lee
People with disabilities face exclusion from routine health care assessments as measures and related processes are rarely adapted or adequately supported through assistance. People with cognitive disabilities may not understand complex worded questionnaire items, people without hand control may not be able to complete paper and pencil surveys, and people with visual impairments may not be able to read the items. These are just a few examples of potential sources of exclusion.
People with physical and intellectual disabilities have been rarely the target of general health promotion activities that seek to enhance general physical activity and fitness. Most research in this area so far has focused on individual-level factors, such as demographic and disability characteristics. However, there is some indication that environmental factors play a key role in determining whether a person with a disability engages in activity or not.
Survivors of interpersonal or domestic violence who experience physical or mental health disabilities as a consequence face particular challenges in areas of social participation, such as education, employment, leisure activities. Moreover, the complexities associated with the consequences of disabling injuries, post-traumatic stress, and lack of social support are not sufficiently understood. This poses particular challenges for health care services, and family members.
Healthcare faces many challenges. Amongst these, the growth in the ageing population and the increased prevalence of long-term conditions increases the demands on the service and the cost of supply. This has led to attempts to understand how best to support patient self-management and how to make health services more efficient.
Stress levels in nursing remain high and have the potential to increase as the work environment of the nurse becomes more complex. My own research, based upon Karasek’s (1979) Job Demand, Job Control model suggest that decisional control is a key issue in determining well-being at work. Work-based support is also thought to have positive effects on staff well-being and to protect the quality of care they provide. Potential PhD projects in this area could relate to the following